All about Kidney Stones

  • Men are more likely to develop kidney stones than women.
  • The prevalence of kidney stones rises dramatically as men enter their 40s and continues to rise into their 70s.
  • Once a person gets more than one stone, others are likely to develop.
  • It is a hard mass developed from crystals that separate from the urine and build up on the inner surfaces of the kidney.
  • Normally, urine contains chemicals that prevent or inhibit the crystals from forming.
  • Kidney stones may contain various combinations of chemicals. The most common type of stone contains calcium in combination with either oxalate or phosphate.
  • A stone may stay in the kidney or break loose and travel down the urinary tract.
  • Most stones will pass out of the body without a doctor's help.
  • A larger stone may get stuck in a ureter, the bladder, or the urethra. A problem stone can block the flow of urine and cause great pain.
  • If the stone is too large to pass then there are a number of methods can be used to break up the stone or remove it completely.
  • See your doctor if you have severe pain in your back or side that will not go away.
  • See your doctor if you have blood in your urine—urine will appear pink.
  • When you pass a stone, try to catch it in a strainer to show your doctor, this way they can find the exact type of stone you have and target preventative measures.
  • Drink lots of water to reduce the risk of more kidney stones from forming.
  • Talk with your doctor about other ways to avoid more stones.
Cheryle Davies
Clergy Healthcare Coordinator
  • Created: 03 June 2010
  • Modified: 30 November -0001