All about Kidney Stones
- Men are more likely to develop kidney stones than women.
- The prevalence of kidney stones rises dramatically as men enter their 40s and continues to rise into their 70s.
- Once a person gets more than one stone, others are likely to develop.
- It is a hard mass developed from crystals that separate from the urine and build up on the inner surfaces of the kidney.
- Normally, urine contains chemicals that prevent or inhibit the crystals from forming.
- Kidney stones may contain various combinations of chemicals. The most common type of stone contains calcium in combination with either oxalate or phosphate.
- A stone may stay in the kidney or break loose and travel down the urinary tract.
- Most stones will pass out of the body without a doctor's help.
- A larger stone may get stuck in a ureter, the bladder, or the urethra. A problem stone can block the flow of urine and cause great pain.
- If the stone is too large to pass then there are a number of methods can be used to break up the stone or remove it completely.
- See your doctor if you have severe pain in your back or side that will not go away.
- See your doctor if you have blood in your urine—urine will appear pink.
- When you pass a stone, try to catch it in a strainer to show your doctor, this way they can find the exact type of stone you have and target preventative measures.
- Drink lots of water to reduce the risk of more kidney stones from forming.
- Talk with your doctor about other ways to avoid more stones.
Clergy Healthcare Coordinator